The Hijri Calendar or the Islamic Lunar Calendar

At the point when Islam developed in the seventh century, there were various date-books being used all around the globe. A large portion of them were sunlight based, some of them were lunar and the lunisolar ones. Every one of them not at all like 2010 logbook or 2011 timetable were made and actualized in various human advancements on the planet. Essentially every one of them had distinctive beginning dates called as ages. This irregularity among different timetables in the end turned into an issue for youthful Muslims. They began to think that its hard to reliably record different dates particularly those on archives and correspondences inside the quick rising Muslim world. takwim 2018

Keeping in mind the end goal to settle this issue and to set up a powerful dating framework that unmistakably denoted the Islamic blessed months and their occasions, Umar ibn Al-Khattab who was the second Muslim caliph requested the foundation of an Islamic lunar schedule. This was in the year 638 AD. The quantity of months was twelve. Utilizing the lunar cycle for measuring time was chosen by the diverse verses in sacred Koran. 

The beginning stage of that new Islamic schedule was the Muslim’s acclaimed movement to the wellbeing of Medina to keep away from oppression in Mecca. The occasion itself happened somewhere in the range of 16 years sooner. So keeping in mind the end goal to stamp the occasion, the name of the Islamic logbook was chosen as Hijri. The word was gotten from an Arabic word for relocation called as Hijrah. So the date of the Islamic date-book age backpedals to the sixteenth of July 622 AD according to the Gregorian logbook. The new Islamic lunar month begins when the new bow moon is seen. The universally acknowledged Gregorian and Islamic timetables both have comparable a year.